Methods of Becoming a U.S. Citizen:

  • By birth in the U.S.
  • Naturalization - Apply for Citizenship (LPRs married to U.S. citizen are eligible after 3 years - other LPRs are eligible after 5 years), must pass English & Civics Tests
  • Acquisition - Birth to U.S. citizen abroad
  • Derivation – LPR child of a U.S. citizen


LPRs are eligible to file for naturalization to become citizens after 5 years of permanent residence. It is only 3 years for LPRs married to US citizens. The naturalization process includes an English and Civics exam as well as showing good moral character and that you have been inside the US for at least half of the time the last 3 years without trips abroad of 6 months or more.